- The United States garnered the highest score for the third time with a top grade of A
- South Africa, in contrast, received the lowest grade largely because of poor disclosure practices.
Morningstar today released its Global Fund Investor Experience report, which assesses the experiences of mutual fund investors in 24 countries across North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Morningstar's evaluation of investor-friendly practices in fund markets worldwide identified the United States as the best market for fund investors based on criteria such as investor protection, transparency, fees, taxation, and investment distribution, while South Africa scored the worst. This year's report also includes first-time reviews of fund investor experiences in Korea and Denmark.
"We launched the first Global Fund Investor Experience report in 2009 to examine the treatment of mutual fund shareholders in 16 countries with the goal of advancing a dialogue about best practices worldwide. Since that time we've had numerous conversations with regulators and investment companies in multiple countries about their existing policies and ways to improve," John Rekenthaler, vice president of research for Morningstar, said. "Working with our analysts around the world, we expanded our survey to 24 countries this year".
Morningstar researchers evaluated countries in four categories: Regulation and Taxation, Disclosure, Fees and Expenses, and Sales and Media. Morningstar weighted the questions and answers to give greater importance to factual, empirical answers as well as the high-priority issues of fees, taxes, and transparency. Morningstar assigned countries a letter grade for each category and then added the category scores to produce an overall country grade. The report's authors gathered information from available public data and from Morningstar analysts.
Below are the overall country grades, from highest to lowest scores and then in alphabetical order:
- United States: A
- Korea: B+
- Netherlands: B
- Singapore: B
- Taiwan: B
- Thailand: B
- China: B-
- Denmark: B-
- Germany: B-
- India: B-
- Norway: B-
- Spain: B-
- Sweden: B-
- Switzerland: B-
- United Kingdom: B-
- Australia: C+
- Belgium: C+
- Canada: C+
- France: C+
- Italy: C+
- Japan: C
- Hong Kong: C-
- New Zeland: C-
- South Africa: D
The United States garnered the highest score for the third time with a top grade of A. While the United States is not a leader in the area of Regulation and Taxes, it has the world's best disclosure and lowest expenses. South Africa, in contrast, received the lowest grade largely because of poor disclosure practices. The new countries reviewed in this year's report—Korea and Denmark—earned grades of B+ and B-, respectively.
New Zealand showed the largest improvement from the 2011 study rising to a C- from a D- because of positive regulatory changes and an encouraging expansion of disclosure requirements. Morningstar anticipates that the New Zealand government's ongoing review of all fund regulations will result in even more improvements and investor-friendly practices in the years to come.
Among the key findings of the study:
- Bans on advisor commissions are spreading around the world. In the UK, the Retail Distribution Review (RDR) has already brought such a ban into effect, while similar moves are underway in Australia and the Netherlands.
- While the U.S. and European fund markets are roughly similar in size, U.S. investors pay significantly lower fees than European investors.
- Fund companies in most countries continue to treat the names of portfolio managers as trade secrets, leaving investors no way to determine who is responsible for a fund's success or failure.
- Australia and New Zealand do not require funds to publicly disclose full portfolio holdings, while France, South Africa, Korea, and the UK only disclose holdings to current owners.
To read Morningstar's complete Global Fund Investor Experience report, click here.